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module menu icon Nurofen for Children for acute pain occasions


In the video, you have seen how Nurofen for Children can bring long-lasting, effective relief in three acute pain occasions in children.

Below is more information on key signs and symptoms relating to these pain occasions that you should consider, as well as red flags to look out for.

Most babies start teething at around 6 months,3 and symptoms may cause distress to the child as well as the parents/caregivers.


Symptoms of teething may include:3

  • Sore, red gum where the tooth is coming through
  • Mild temperature (less than 38°C)
  • One flushed cheek
  • Facial rash
  • Rubbing their ear
  • Dribbling more than usual
  • Gnawing and chewing on things
  • More fretful than usual
  • Not sleeping very well


Advise mum to seek urgent medical attention if their child becomes systemically unwell, is severely distressed, or has prolonged symptoms.

Cold and flu symptoms (including fever and sore throat) have the highest incidence and represent the highest share of pain occasions in children.5


Cold symptoms come on gradually and can include:6

  • A blocked or runny nose
  • A sore throat
  • Headaches
  • Muscle aches
  • Coughs
  • Sneezing
  • A raised temperature
  • Pressure in ears and face
  • Loss of taste and smell

Flu symptoms come on very quickly and can include:7

  • A sudden high temperature
  • An aching body
  • Feeling tired or exhausted
  • A dry cough
  • A sore throat
  • A headache
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhoea or tummy pain
  • Feeling sick and being sick

    Children can also get pain in their ear and appear less active.


Common cold:6
Children should see their GP if their symptoms do not improve after 3 weeks or suddenly get worse. Other symptoms that require referral include a very high temperature, feeling hot and shivery, feeling short of breath or developing chest pain. Children with associated long-term medical conditions, e.g. diabetes, or a heart, lung or kidney condition, or a weakened immune system, e.g. because of chemotherapy, should also be referred.

Sore throat:8
Children should see their GP if a sore throat lasts for more than 4 days, and they also have a high temperature and are generally unwell. If any child with a sore throat is unable to swallow fluids or saliva or has any difficulty breathing they should seek urgent medical attention.

Up to 50% of children aged 7 years have experienced at least one headache.9 The majority of headaches are first experienced at home.5 A survey found that about a quarter of headaches are related to lack of or disturbed sleep.5,9 Other potential causes of headache include skipping meals or not drinking enough, too much processed sugar in the diet, stress and anxiety and vision problems.10


Signs and symptoms of migraine and tension-type headaches:10

Tension headache tends to feel like a pressing tightness in the head and/or neck, without any other symptoms like feeling sick.

Migraine is normally a throbbing pain in the head, often one sided and made worse by movement, with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and sensitivity to light or sound. This may be associated with other symptoms, e.g. numbness or vision changes.


Children should be taken to A&E without delay if they have a headache that:11

  • Wakes them at night
  • Is present when they wake up in the morning
  • Gets progressively worse
  • Is triggered or made worse by coughing, sneezing or bending down
  • Is accompanied by fever and a non-blanching rash, neck stiffness or aversion to bright lights
  • Is accompanied by vomiting, difficulty in balance and/or speech, or being abnormally drowsy and difficult to wake up
  • Starts within 5 days of a head injury
  • Is accompanied by a squint (where the eyes point in different directions) or an inability to look upwards.